Archive for the ‘Valves & Tools’ Category

Tommy King Memorial Cardiovascular Symposium

Saturday CEUs in Boston, May 20

St. Elizabeth’s Medical Center

Boston, MA

May 20

7:30am – 3pm


07:30am | Registration & Continental Breakfast

08:00am | Hemodynamics; Faisal Khan, MD, St. Elizabeth’s Medical Center

09:00am | Radiation Protection; Satish Nair, PhD, F.X. Masse Associates

10:00am | Break & Exhibits

10:15am | Structural Heart – TAVR Updates and Watchman

Joseph Carrozza, MD, St. Elizabeth’s Medical Center

11:15am | Road to the Cath Lab — Triggers for STEMI Activation 

Lawrence Garcia, MD, St. Elizabeth’s Medical Center

12:15pm | Lunch

01:00pm | HF Program including Cardiomems

Lana Tsao, MD & Jaclyn Mayer, NP, St. Elizabeth’s Medical Center

02:00pm | Cath Lab Pharmacology

Mirembe Reed, Pharm.D, St. Elizabeth’s Medical Center

Register now »


From: <> on behalf of “Kurt, ACVP” <>

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Date: Monday, April 24, 2017 at 2:26 PM

To: Aviva Lev-Ari <>

Subject: cardiovascular symposium in Boston, May 20


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First U.S. TAVR Patients Treated With Temporary Pacing Lead (Tempo Lead)

Reporter: Aviva Lev-Ari, PhD, RN


UPDATED on 8/2/2017

Medtronic wins FDA nod, CE Mark for Avalus aortic valve




BioTrace Medical, Inc., a venture backed company based in San Carlos, Calif., is dedicated to reinventing temporary pacing to improve patient outcomes and reduce hospital costs.

For more information:


FDA Clears Temporary Pacing Technology for Transcatheter Aortic Valve and EP Procedures

The BioTrace Medical Tempo temporary pacing lead is designed to reduce complications and hospital length of stay

The Tempo Lead represents the first major advance in temporary pacing since the technology was introduced decades ago,” said Susheel Kodali, M.D., director of the Heart Valve Program at the Center for Interventional Vascular Therapy at Columbia University Medical Center in New York. “As a critical component of every TAVR procedure, temporary leads are integral to successful clinical outcomes for patients. I am excited about the potential of this technology and look forward to using it in my practice.”

Results of the first-in-human study of the technology will be presented at the annual Transcatheter Cardiac Therapeutics (TCT) conference in Washington, D.C. on Sunday, Oct. 30, at 10:59 a.m. eastern time in Room 209, Level 2.

“FDA clearance is an exciting milestone for BioTrace,” said Laura Dietch, CEO of BioTrace Medical. “We are pleased to bring this important innovation to the significant and growing number of patients needing better temporary pacing options to minimize risks and life-threatening complications. We look forward to launching in select U.S. centers in the coming weeks.”

For more information:


December 19, 2016 — BioTrace Medical Inc. announced the first commercial use of the company’s Tempo Temporary Pacing Lead since U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) 510(k) clearance in October.

The first cases involved patients undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) procedures and were performed by James Harkness, M.D., interventional cardiologist, and Brian K. Whisenant, M.D., medical director of the Structural Heart Disease Program at Intermountain Medical Center in Salt Lake City, Utah, and Susheel Kodali, M.D., director of the Heart Valve Program at Columbia University Medical Center/New York Presbyterian Hospital.

BioTrace Medical’s Tempo Lead is for use in procedures in which

  • Temporary pacing is indicated, including
  • TAVR and
  • Electrophysiology (EP) procedures.

The lead is designed for secure and stable cardiac pacing with the goal of reducing complications and allowing patients to ambulate sooner after procedures.

“The Tempo Lead is designed to alleviate the risks associated with lead dislodgement and inconsistent pacing, providing a safer option for patients.”

Temporary leads are used in more than 350,000 procedures each year, a number that is growing rapidly as the population ages and TAVR becomes increasingly common. The temporary pacing lead, a small catheter with two electrodes, is placed in the right ventricle of the heart through a vein in the groin or neck. The lead is then connected to an external pacemaker allowing a physician to monitor and control a patient’s heart rate for several days.


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Advances and Future Directions for Transcatheter Valves – Mitral and tricuspid valve repair technologies now in development

Reporter: Aviva Lev-Ari, PhD, RN


Based on


Read the article “First TAVR Device Receives European Approval to Treat Intermediate Risk Patients”from August 2016.

Watch the video “The Evolution of TAVR Technology.” Interview with Juan Granada, M.D., executive director and chief scientific officer of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation’s Skirball Center for Innovation, at the Transcatheter Valve Therapies 2015 meeting.


Watch the video “TAVR Beats Surgery — Top News From ACC.16.” Dr. Vinod Thourani, professor of surgery, Division of Cardiothoracic Surgery, Department of Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine and a co-investigator for the PARTNER II Trial, discusses the biggest news item from ACC.16 — the Sapien 3 TAVR device performed better that surgical aortic valve replacement.

Watch the video “CoreValve Trumps Surgical Valve Replacement — TVT 2015.” Interview with Michael Reardon, M.D., professor of cardiothoracic surgery at DeBakey Heart and Vascular Center, and chairman of the patient screening committee, CoreValve U.S. pivotal trial, at the Transcatheter Valve Therapies 2015 meeting.


Read the article “FDA Clears Sapien XT for Valve-In-Valve Procedures.”

Read the article “FDA Expands Use of CoreValve for Aortic Valve-in-Valve Replacement.”

Transcatheter Mitral Valves are the Next Frontier

Most interventional and cardiac surgical experts say TMVR will be the next frontier in minimally invasive structural heart interventions. With the success and rapid growth of TAVR, there is an immense anticipation that TMVR will have an even greater impact in cardiology. This has translated into more than $2.5 billion being spent in the past year by vendors purchasing start-up TMVR companies, while less than 50 patients have actually been treated using these technologies, said Michael Mack, M.D., medical director, cardiovascular surgery, Baylor Health Care System and chairman of The Heart Hospital Baylor Plano Research Center.

However, the mitral valve involves much more complex anatomy than the aortic valve, so the devices, imaging for procedural planning and guidance will be much more sophisticated than what is used for TAVR. Among the challenges are: fixation of a device to the very small landing zone of the mitral annulus; avoiding the left ventricular outflow tract (LVOT); avoiding compression of the atrioventricular (AV) node; avoiding the papillary muscle and chordae tendineae; ensuring the device seals properly to avoid paravalvular regurgitation; and the device needs to be able to adapt to remodeling of the anatomy. There are more than 20 TMVR devices in development. The majority of these valves utilize a self-expanding nitinol frame that engages both sides of the native mitral valve annulus for fixation, similar to Amplatzer septal closure devices.

The companies with first-in-human TMVR implants include Tendyne, Neovasc and Edwards Lifesciences’ Fortis and Sapien XT devices. The Neovasc Tiara, Tendyne Bioprosthetic Mitral Valve and CardiAQ Valve Technologies TMVR system all have been granted FDA conditional investigational device exemption (IDE) studies.

Watch the video “Transcatheter Mitral Valve Therapies in Development.” 

Watch the video “Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair Technologies.” An interview with Ted Feldman, M.D., FACC, MSCAI, FESC, cardiac cath lab director, Evanston Hospital, North Shore Health System, and principle investigator, Everest II MitraClip U.S. pivotal trial, at the Transcatheter Valve Therapies 2015 meeting.


Advancements in TAVR and TMVR Technologies at TCT 2016 

Watch the video VIDEO “Transcatheter Valve Technology Advancements at TCT 2016.” This is an interview Torsten Vahl, M.D., about advancements in transcatheter valve repair technology, including new devices for the aortic, mitral and tricuspid valves. Vahl is director of experimental and translational research and assistant professor of medicine, Columbia University Medical Center, Center for Interventional Vascular Therapy.

Watch the video “VIDEO: Transcatheter Mitral Valve Technology, Anatomical Challenges.” A discussion with Juan Granada, M.D., about transcatheter mitral valve advancements and device challenges at the Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics (TCT) 2016 annual meeting. Granada is executive director and chief scientific officer of the Cardiovascular Research Foundation’s Skirball Center for Innovation.



Advances and Future Directions for Transcatheter Valves – Mitral and tricuspid valve repair technologies now in development


Other related articles published in this Open Access Online Journal include the following:


Mitral Valve Repair: Who is a Patient Candidate for a Non-Ablative Fully Non-Invasive Procedure?

Justin Pearlman, MD, PhD, FACC and Aviva Lev-Ari, PhD, RN


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The presence of any Valvular Heart Disease (VHD) did not influence the comparison of Dabigatran [Pradaxa, Boehringer Ingelheim] with Warfarin

Reporter: Aviva Lev-Ari, PhD, RN


Event Rate and Outcome Risk, With vs Without Valvular Heart Disease

Outcome Valvular heart disease, event rate/y, % No valvular heart disease, event rate/y, % HR (95% CI)* P
Stroke, systemic embolic event 1.61 1.41 1.09 (0.88–1.33) 0.43
Major bleeding 4.36 2.84 1.32 (1.16–1.33) <0.001
Intracranial hemorrhage 0.51 0.41 1.20 (0.83–1.74) 0.32
All-cause mortality 4.45 3.67 1.09 (0.96–1.23) 0.18
*Adjusted using propensity scores


Comparison of Dabigatran versus Warfarin in Patients with Atrial Fibrillation and Valvular Heart Disease: The RE-LY Trial

Michael D. Ezekowitz, Rangadham Nagarakanti, Herbert Noack, Martina Brueckmann, Claire Litherland, Mark Jacobs, Andreas Clemens,Paul A. Reilly, Stuart J. Connolly, Salim Yusuf and Lars Wallentin


Results—There were 3950 patients with any VHD:

  • 3101 had mitral regurgitation,
  • 1179 tricuspid regurgitation,
  • 817 aortic regurgitations,
  • 471 aortic stenosis and
  • 193 mild mitral stenosis.

At baseline patients with any VHD had more

  • heart failure,
  • coronary disease,
  • renal impairment and
  • persistent atrial fibrillation.

Patients with any VHD had higher rates of

  • major bleeds (HR 1.32; 95% CI 1.16-1.5)

but similar

  • stroke or systemic embolism (SEE) rates (HR 1.09; 95% CI 0.88-1.33).

For D110 patients, major bleed rates were lower than warfarin (HR 0.73; 95% CI 0.56-0.95 with and HR 0.84; 95% CI 0.71-0.99 without VHD) and

For D150 similar to warfarin in patients with (HR 0.82; 95% CI 0.64-1.06) or without VHD (HR 0.98; 95% CI 0.83-1.15).

For D150 patients stroke/SEE rates were lower versus warfarin with (HR 0.59; 95% CI 0.37-0.93) and without VHD (HR 0.67; 95% CI 0.52-0.86) and similar to warfarin for D110 irrespective of presence of VHD (HR 0.97 CI 0.65-1.45 and 0.85 CI 0.70-1.10).

For intracranial bleeds and death rates for D150 and D110 were lower vs warfarin independent of presence of VHD.

Conclusions—The presence of any VHD did not influence the comparison of dabigatran with warfarin.

Clinical Trial Registration—URL: Unique Identifier: NCT00262600.



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SAPIEN 3 Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in High-Risk and Inoperable Patients with Severe Aortic Stenosis: One-Year Clinical Outcomes

Reporter: Aviva Lev-Ari, PhD, RN




The registry study — the preliminary results of which were presented at the Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics meeting in 2015 — included 583 high-risk (65%) or inoperable patients (35%) who got TAVR with the Sapien 3 device between 2013 and 2014. Procedures were performed via the transfemoral (84%) or transapical/transaortic routes (16%).

On multivariable adjustment, the predictors of 1-year mortality were

  • alternative access (hazard ratio [HR] 2.06, 95% CI 1.26-3.36),
  • moderate paravalvular leak (HR 3.75, 95% CI 1.57-8.96), and
  • disabling stroke (HR 10.33, 95% CI 4.62-233.09).

“Even with the low rate of moderate paravalvular leak rate, they found an association with 1 year mortality,” commented Kappetein. “Moderate paravalvular leak is bad for a patient!”

Within 30 days, overall stroke and disabling stroke occurred at frequencies of 1.4% and 0.9%, respectively. Between 1 month and 1 year, these rates were 4.3% and 2.4%.

Généreux appeared to be at ease with the 1-year stroke rate, adding that “this reflects it being a high-risk population.”

In order to bring mortality and stroke rates even lower, he suggested that clinicians “focus on other strategies such as anticoagulation and other medical or device therapies like left atrial appendage closure.”

Nearly all patients improved enough to move out of New York Heart Association class three and four after the procedure (90.1% at baseline versus 7.7% at 1 year, P<0.0001). Self-reported quality of life similarly improved on the Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire, with average scores rising from 46.9 to 72.4 at 1 year (P<0.0001).

“A high-risk population is difficult because patients may have mortality related to a comorbidity such as infection and heart failure. That being said, there is still room for improvement in the care of patients beyond the device choice,” Généreux said, suggesting that appropriate anticoagulation is key.

For now, “the combination of new design features of Sapien 3, procedural improvements, operator experience and improved patient selection have all contributed to a low rate of important adverse events (including stroke) and a high rate of 1-year survival in high-risk and inoperable patients with severe aortic stenosis,” Herrmann and colleagues concluded.


One-Year Clinical Outcomes With SAPIEN 3 Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement in High-Risk and Inoperable Patients With Severe Aortic Stenosis

Howard C. Herrmann, Vinod H. Thourani, Susheel K. Kodali, Raj R. Makkar, Wilson Y. Szeto, Saif Anwaruddin, Nimesh Desai, Scott Lim, S. Chris Malaisrie, Dean J. Kereiakes, Steven Ramee, Kevin L. Greason, Samir Kapadia, Vasilis Babaliaros, Rebecca T. Hahn, Philippe Pibarot,Neil J. Weissman, Jonathon Leipsic, Brian K. Whisenant, John G. Webb, Michael J. Mack and Martin B. Leon and For the PARTNER Investigators


Background: In the initial PARTNER trial (Placement of Aortic Transcatheter Valves) of transcatheter aortic valve replacement for high-risk (HR) and inoperable patients, mortality at 1 year was 24% in HR and 31% in inoperable patients. A recent report of the 30-day outcomes with the low-profile SAPIEN 3 transcatheter aortic valve replacement system demonstrated very low rates of adverse events, but little is known about the longer-term outcomes with this device.

Methods: Between October 2013 and September 2014, 583 HR (65%) or inoperable (35%) patients were treated via the transfemoral (84%) or transapical/transaortic (16%) access route at 29 US sites. Major clinical events at 1 year were adjudicated by an independent clinical events committee, and echocardiographic results were analyzed by a core laboratory.

Results: Baseline characteristics included age of 83 years, 42% female, and median Society of Thoracic Surgeons score of 8.4%. At the 1-year follow-up, survival (all-cause) was 85.6% for all patients, 87.3% in the HR subgroup, and 82.3% in the inoperable subgroup. Survival free of all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in the transfemoral patients from the HR cohort was 87.7% and 93.3%, respectively. There was no severe paravalvular leak. Moderate paravalvular leak (2.7%) was associated with an increase in mortality at 1 year, whereas mild paravalvular leak had no significant association with mortality. Symptomatic improvement as assessed by the percentage of patients in New York Heart Association class III and IV (90.1% to 7.7% at 1 year; P<0.0001) and by Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire overall summary score (improved from 46.9 to 72.4;P<0.0001) was marked. Multivariable predictors of 1-year mortality included alternative access, Society of Thoracic Surgeons score, and disabling stroke.

Conclusions: In this large, adjudicated registry of SAPIEN 3 HR and inoperable patients, the very low rates of important complications resulted in a strikingly low mortality rate at 1 year. Between 30 and 365 days, the incidence of moderate paravalvular aortic regurgitation did not increase, and no association between mild paravalvular leak and 1-year mortality was observed, although a small increase in disabling stroke occurred. These results, which likely reflect device iteration and procedural evolution, support the use of transcatheter aortic valve replacement as the preferred therapy in HR and inoperable patients with aortic stenosis.

Clinical Trial Registration : URL: Unique identifier:NCT01314313.


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AGENDA – ICI Conference – Innovation in Cardiovascular Interventions – December 14-16, at the David InterContinental Hotel, Tel Aviv, Israel

Reporter: Aviva Lev-Ari, PhD, RN


1. ICI Scientific Program

ICI2014 speakers are some of the leading figures in the field. The preliminary list can be viewed at the ICI website.

ICI2014 will hold for the second time the “Wall to Wall Session – From the Great Wall of China to the Jerusalem Wall”. Click here for a glance at the 2013 program endorsed by Yanping Gao, the Chinese Ambassador in Israel.

Attendees will:

 Be exposed to promising research and new therapies in various phases of development.

 Learn from live case presentations on the impact of emerging technologies on current and future therapies.

 Gain insights from international experts speaking on important clinical topics—with an emphasis on future perspectives.

2. ICI Exhibition

The heart of the ICI Meeting is the strong International collaboration between Medicine and Industry. With an emphasis on technological developments, novel knowledge-rich technologies, and the diligent pursuit of solutions to yet unsolved problems in heart, brain and cardiovascular medicine, the ICI meeting features a State-of-the-Art Exhibition and Innovative Technology Parade.

Since 1995, the ICI exhibition is rapidly growing with more than 90 international exhibitors and sponsors, including the strongest players in the market alongside cutting edge innovative startups. ICI Exhibition is the perfect opportunity to connect and interact with the people that can affect the future of this field.

3. ICI Technology Parade

Focused on innovation, ICI provides an extensive platform for startup companies presenting their latest technologies. The Technology Parade can be a springboard for new companies with bright and creative new ideas. This is the perfect opportunity to help your business move “from idea to reality”. The Technology Parade Sessions enjoy a tremendous success in every meeting, attracting a wide variety of leading clinicians, scientists and corporate representatives. The wide spectrum of investors who will be in attendance will find the ICI Meeting a valuable forum for exposure to the development and advancement of innovative ideas in cardiology.

The ICI meeting is a tremendous opportunity to review the most innovative startups in the field of medical devices and meet in person at the B2B area. This event can be your chance to look into the latest most prominent investments opportunity. 


Conference PROGRAM

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One year Post-Intervention Mortality Rate: TAVR and AVR – Aortic Valve Procedures 6.7% in AVR, 11.0% in AVR with CABG, 20.7 in Transvascular (TV-TAVT) and 28.0% in Transapical (TA-TAVR) Patients

Reporter: Aviva Lev-Ari, PhD, RN


UPDATED on 4/8/2017

Routine Imaging After TAVR Suggested to Catch Thrombosis – German data supports ‘significant’ prevalence warranting routine check by Nicole Lou 

Reporter, MedPage Today/, April 03, 2017

Clinical transcatheter heart valve thrombosis may be common enough to merit routine imaging after transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR), a German study suggested.

A retrospective analysis of a single-center registry found a 2.8% incidence of clinical valve thrombosis, according to Mohamed Abdel-Wahab, MD, of Germany’s Segeberger Kliniken, and colleagues. No one on oral anticoagulation got bioprosthetic valve thrombosis, however, and no patients died from it.

Thrombosis was more likely with balloon-expandable valves (OR 3.45, 95% CI 1.22-9.81) and with valve-in-valve procedures (OR 5.93, 95% CI 2.01-17.51), the authors reported in the April 10 issue of JACC: Cardiovascular Interventions.


One year Post-Intervention Mortality Rate: TAVR and AVR – Aortic Valve Procedures 6.7% in AVR, 11.0% in AVR with CABG, 20.7 in Transvascular (TV-TAVT) and 28.0% in Transapical (TA-TAVR) Patients


The 1-year mortality rate was

  • 6.7% for conventional AVR patients (n = 6523) and
  • 11.0% for patients who underwent AVR with coronary artery bypass grafting (n = 3464).
  • The 1-year mortality rate was 20.7 and 28.0% in TV- and TA-TAVR patients, respectively (n = 2695 and 1181).

However, if patients were stratified into four risk groups by means of the EuroSCORE and the German AV Score, the

  • highest risk cohorts showed the same mortality at 1 year with either therapy.
  • More than 80% of patients in all groups were in the same or better state of health at 1 year post-intervention and were satisfied with the procedural outcome.


European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery

Eur J Cardiothorac Surg (2014)doi: 10.1093/ejcts/ezu290


The German Aortic Valve Registry: 1-year results from 13 680 patients with aortic valve disease


  1. Friedrich W. Mohra,*,
  2. David Holzheya,
  3. Helge Möllmannb,
  4. Andreas Beckmannc,
  5. Christof Veitd,
  6. Hans Reiner Figullae,
  7. Jochen Cremerf,
  8. Karl-Heinz Kuckg,
  9. Rüdiger Langeh,
  10. Ralf Zahni,
  11. Stefan Sackj,
  12. Gerhard Schulera,
  13. Thomas Waltherk,
  14. Friedhelm Beyersdorfl,
  15. Michael Böhmm,
  16. Gerd Heuschn,
  17. Anne-Kathrin Funkata,
  18. Thomas Meinertzo,
  19. Till Neumannp,
  20. Konstantinos Papoutsisq,
  21. Steffen Schneiderr,
  22. Armin Welzs and
  23. Christian W. Hammb
  24. for the GARY Executive Board

+Author Affiliations

  1. aHeart Center Leipzig, Leipzig, Germany

  2. bDepartment of Cardiology, Kerckhoff Heart Center, Bad Nauheim, Germany

  3. cDeutsche Gesellschaft für Thorax-, Herz- und Gefäßchirurgie, Langenbeck-Virchow-Haus, Berlin, Germany

  4. dBQS Institute for Quality and Patient Safety, Düsseldorf, Germany

  5. eDivision of Cardiology, 1st Department of Medicine, University Hospital of Jena, Jena, Germany

  6. fDepartment of Cardiovascular Surgery, University of Schleswig-Holstein, Kiel, Germany

  7. gAsklepios Klinik St. Georg, Hamburg, Germany

  8. hGerman Heart Center Munich, Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany

  9. iDepartment of Cardiology, Medizinische Klinik B, Herzzentrum am Klinikum Ludwigshafen, Ludwigshafen, Germany

  10. jKlinik für Kardiologie, Pneumologie und Internistische Intensivmedizin, Klinikum Schwabing, Munich, Germany

  11. kKerckhoff-Herzzentrum, Abteilung für Herzchirurgie, Bad Nauheim, Germany

  12. lUniversitätsklinikum Freiburg, Chirurgische Klinik Abteilung Herz- und Gefäßchirurgie, Freiburg, Germany

  13. mMedizinische Klinik und Poliklinik, Universitätsklinik des Saarlandes, Innere Medizin III, Homburg/Saar, Germany

  14. nInstitut für Pathophysiologie, Universitätsklinikum Essen, Essen, Germany

  15. oDeutsche Herzstiftung, Frankfurt am Main, Germany

  16. pDepartment of Cardiology, University of Duisburg-Essen Medical School, Essen, Germany

  17. qGerman Cardiac Society, Düsseldorf, Germany

  18. rInstitut für Herzinfarktforschung, Ludwigshafen, Germany

  19. sDepartment of Cardiac Surgery, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany
  1. *Corresponding author. Heart Center Leipzig, Struempellstrasse 39, 04289 Leipzig, Germany. Tel: +49-341-8651421; fax: +49-341-8651452; (F.W. Mohr).
  1.  An excerpt of the 1-year data was first presented at the ACC in San Francisco in March 2013.

  • Received April 16, 2014.
  • Revision received May 27, 2014.
  • Accepted June 17, 2014.



OBJECTIVES The German Aortic Valve Registry (GARY) seeks to provide information on a real-world, all-comers basis for patients undergoing aortic valve interventions. This registry comprises patients undergoing the complete spectrum of transcutaneous and conventional surgical aortic valve interventions. The aim of this study was to use the GARY registry to evaluate conventional and catheter-based aortic valve interventions in several risk groups.

METHODS A total of 13 860 consecutive patients undergoing intervention for aortic valve disease [conventional aortic valve replacement (AVR) or transvascular/transapical TAVR (TV-/TA-TAVR)] were enrolled in 78 German centres in 2011. Baseline, procedural and outcome data, including quality of life, were acquired up to 1 year post-intervention. Vital status at 1 year was known for 98.1% of patients.

RESULTS The 1-year mortality rate was 6.7% for conventional AVR patients (n = 6523) and 11.0% for patients who underwent AVR with coronary artery bypass grafting (n = 3464). The 1-year mortality rate was 20.7 and 28.0% in TV- and TA-TAVR patients, respectively (n = 2695 and 1181). However, if patients were stratified into four risk groups by means of the EuroSCORE and the German AV Score, the highest risk cohorts showed the same mortality at 1 year with either therapy. More than 80% of patients in all groups were in the same or better state of health at 1 year post-intervention and were satisfied with the procedural outcome.

CONCLUSIONS Conventional AVR surgery yields excellent results after 1 year in lower-risk patients. Catheter-based AVR is a good alternative in high-risk and elderly patients.


Key words




FIFTY ARTICLES on TAVR and AVR were published in this Open Access Online Scientific Journal. All articles are included at the following URL:

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