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Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm: Endovascular repair and open repair resulted in similar long-term survival

Reporter: Aviva Lev-Ari, PhD, RN

 

 

Long-Term Comparison of Endovascular and Open Repair of Abdominal Aortic Aneurysm

Frank A. Lederle, M.D., Julie A. Freischlag, M.D., Tassos C. Kyriakides, Ph.D., Jon S. Matsumura, M.D., Frank T. Padberg, Jr., M.D., Ted R. Kohler, M.D., Panagiotis Kougias, M.D., Jessie M. Jean-Claude, M.D., Dolores F. Cikrit, M.D., and Kathleen M. Swanson, M.S., R.Ph. for the OVER Veterans Affairs Cooperative Study Group

N Engl J Med 2012; 367:1988-1997  November 22, 2012DOI: 10.1056/NEJMoa1207481

BACKGROUND

Whether elective endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm reduces long-term morbidity and mortality, as compared with traditional open repair, remains uncertain.

METHODS

We randomly assigned 881 patients with asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms who were candidates for both procedures to either endovascular repair (444) or open repair (437) and followed them for up to 9 years (mean, 5.2). Patients were selected from 42 Veterans Affairs medical centers and were 49 years of age or older at the time of registration.

RESULTS

More than 95% of the patients underwent the assigned repair. For the primary outcome of all-cause mortality, 146 deaths occurred in each group (hazard ratio with endovascular repair versus open repair, 0.97; 95% confidence interval [CI], 0.77 to 1.22; P=0.81). The previously reported reduction in perioperative mortality with endovascular repair was sustained at 2 years (hazard ratio, 0.63; 95% CI, 0.40 to 0.98; P=0.04) and at 3 years (hazard ratio, 0.72; 95% CI, 0.51 to 1.00; P=0.05) but not thereafter. There were 10 aneurysm-related deaths in the endovascular-repair group (2.3%) versus 16 in the open-repair group (3.7%) (P=0.22). Six aneurysm ruptures were confirmed in the endovascular-repair group versus none in the open-repair group (P=0.03). A significant interaction was observed between age and type of treatment (P=0.006); survival was increased among patients under 70 years of age in the endovascular-repair group but tended to be better among those 70 years of age or older in the open-repair group.

CONCLUSIONS

Endovascular repair and open repair resulted in similar long-term survival. The perioperative survival advantage with endovascular repair was sustained for several years, but rupture after repair remained a concern. Endovascular repair led to increased long-term survival among younger patients but not among older patients, for whom a greater benefit from the endovascular approach had been expected. (Funded by the Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Research and Development; OVER ClinicalTrials.gov number,NCT00094575.)

Supported by the Cooperative Studies Program of the Department of Veterans Affairs Office of Research and Development.

Disclosure forms provided by the authors are available with the full text of this article at NEJM.org.

SOURCE INFORMATION

From the Veterans Affairs Medical Centers in Minneapolis (F.A.L.), Baltimore (J.A.F.), West Haven, CT (T.C.K.), Madison, WI (J.S.M.), East Orange, NJ (F.T.P.), Seattle (T.R.K.), Houston (P.K.), Cleveland (J.M.J.-C.), Indianapolis (D.F.C.), and Albuquerque, NM (K.M.S.).

Address reprint requests to Dr. Lederle at the Department of Medicine (III-0), Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 1 Veterans Dr., Minneapolis, MN 55417, or at frank.lederle@va.gov.

The members of the Open versus Endovascular Repair Trial (OVER) study group are listed in the Supplementary Appendix, available at NEJM.org.

 

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