Posts Tagged ‘black holes’

Meet Great Minds

Larry H. Bernstein, MD, FCAP, and Aviva Lev-Ari, PhD, RN, Curators


2015 Medicine Nobel

The Nobel Prize in Medicine was awarded to three researchers: William C. Campbell, Satoshi Omura, and Youyou Tu. The first two developed ivermectin, which has nearly eradicated river blindness and reduced the incidence of filariasis, while Tu discovered the anti-malaria staple artemisinin. (The New York Times)

Nature Video presents: Nobel laureates in their own words


In this series of animations, Nobel prize-winning scientists talk about work, life and discoveries that change the world. Recorded at the 65th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting.

All creatures great and small
Elizabeth Blackburn

From jellyfish to ants, all life is beautiful in the eyes of Elizabeth Blackburn, co-winner of the 2009 Nobel Prize in physiology or medicine. She talks about her fascination with living things and the discovery of telomerase and telomeres.

Fluorescence is a state of mind   Stefan Hell

How to break a fundamental law of physics and win a Nobel Prize to boot. Stefan Hell explains super-resolved fluorescence microscopy for which he shared the 2014 Nobel Prize in chemistry.

One photon’s journey with Saul Perlmutter

The story of the evolution of life on earth during one photon’s journey across the universe. Told by Saul Perlmutter who shared the 2011 Nobel Prize in physics for the discovery of the accelerating expansion of the universe.

The pigeon, the antenna and me with Robert Wilson

Radio astronomer Robert Wilson recalls a pair of pigeons who almost thwarted the discovery of cosmic background radiation. Wilson’s discovery of cosmic background radiation, ‘the echo of the big bang’, earned him a share of the 1978 Nobel Prize in physics.


Nobel laureate William E. Moerner believes scientists should defend science more vigorously. But faced with contentious topics like genetically modified organisms, who’s best placed to get the right messages about science to the public?

Young scientists and the future

This year at the 65th Lindau Nobel Laureate Meeting, Nature asked a group of the brightest young researchers to address key scientific questions and to discuss their ideas with Nobel laureates. Did the younger and older scientists agree? What advice did laureates have for those young scientists who seek to emulate their success?

 A challenge for academia

Laureate Eric Betzig ignored the traditional boundaries of academic disciplines. He attributes his success to a background in industry. Should young scientists look outside of the university system to progress their careers?

Today we present 10 more engaging talks by Nobel prize winners! Watch behind-the-scenes stories about the discovery of GFP, ribozymes, apoptosis and more.

Remembering Professor Jacob Bekenstein, A Black Hole Pioneer And Hebrew University Theoretical Physicist


August 18, 2015 —Professor Jacob Bekenstein, a theoretical physicist at The Hebrew University of Jerusalem whose groundbreaking ideas shed new light on black holes, died unexpectedly in Finland on Sunday, August 16.Professor Bekenstein was the Polak Professor of Theoretical Physics at Hebrew University’s Racah Institute of Physics. His proposals about black holes, entropy and thermodynamics launched the field of black hole thermodynamics and became the basis for the science of Quantum Gravity.

Bekenstein’s early ideas were initially contested by the physicist Stephen Hawking, who later reversed course and affirmed them with his famous proposal for the existence of Hawking radiation. In 2004 Bekenstein’s TeVeS theory reconciled Modified Newtonian Dynamics (MOND), which explained a range of cosmological phenomena which had previously required invoking dark matter, with Einstein’s theory of gravity.

Born in Mexico City in 1947, Bekenstein became a U.S. citizen in 1968, obtaining his undergraduate and MS degree from the Polytechnic Institute of Brooklyn (now the Polytechnic Institute of New York University) in 1969, and his PhD from Princeton University in 1972. In 1974 he moved to Israel, and since 1990 he was a professor at Hebrew University, where he continued his research.

Professor Bekenstein received the Landau Prize in 1981, the Rothschild Prize in 1988, the Israel Prize in physics in 2005, the Weizmann Prize in 2011, the Wolf Prize in 2012 and the American Physical Society’s Einstein Prize in 2015.

In 2012, the world’s top theoretical physicists gathered to mark 40 years since the publication of Bekenstein’s groundbreaking paper on black hole entropy, at an international conference organized by Hebrew University and the Israel Institute for Advanced Studies. Presented in cooperation with the Israel Science Foundation, the conference focused on recent ramifications of black hole thermodynamics and prospects for the future.

The Hebrew University’s president, Professor Menahem Ben-Sasson, said: “Profesor Bekenstein’s original and innovative work has earned him a place of honor in the field of exploration of the universe, and has paved the way for many other scientists around the world.”

Cosmologist Alexander Szalay to Receive Sidney Fernbach Award



A cosmologist, Szalay works on the statistical measures of the spatial distribution of galaxies and galaxy formation. He wrote the first papers associating dark matter with relic particles from the Big Bang.

Alexander Szalay, a Bloomberg Distinguished Professor at the Johns Hopkins University, has been selected as the recipient of the 2015 IEEE Computer Society Sidney Fernbach Award. Szalay was recognized “for his outstanding contributions to the development of data-intensive computing systems and on the application of such systems in many scientific areas including astrophysics, turbulence and genomics.”

Established in 1992 in memory of high-performance computing pioneer Sidney Fernbach, the Fernbach Award recognizes outstanding contributions in the application of high-performance computers using innovative approaches. The award consists of a certificate and a (U.S.) $2,000 honorarium. Szalay will be presented with the award on November 17, 2015, in Austin, TX at the SC15 Conference.

Szalay teaches in the Physics and Astronomy and Computer Science Departments at Johns Hopkins. He is the Director of the JHU Institute for Data Intensive Engineering and Science. Born and educated in Hungary, Szalay spent postdoctoral periods at UC Berkeley and the University of Chicago before accepting a faculty position at Johns Hopkins.

A cosmologist, Szalay works on the statistical measures of the spatial distribution of galaxies and galaxy formation. He wrote the first papers associating dark matter with relic particles from the Big Bang. Recently he has been working on problems related to large data sets in various areas of physics and astrophysics.

Szalay is the architect for the Science Archive of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey and was project director of the NSF-funded National Virtual Observatory, building an open system out of the various distributed astronomy collections across the US. Recently he has been focusing on the challenges of building public numerical laboratories from large supercomputer simulations.

He has built various data-intensive parallel computers, one of them winning the Storage Challenge at SC-08. His papers cover areas from theoretical cosmology, observational astronomy, spatial statistics, and computer science.

Szalay was elected to the Hungarian Academy of Sciences as a corresponding member in 1990. In 2003 he became a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences. He received an Alexander von Humboldt Prize in Physical Sciences in 2004 and the Microsoft Jim Gray Award in 2007. In 2008, he became Doctor Honoris Causa of the Eötvös University.

Read Full Post »

%d bloggers like this: