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Posts Tagged ‘Heat shock protein 47 : a chaperone for the fibrous cap?’


Heat shock protein 47 Role in Human Coronary Atheroma: Regulation by Growth Factors and Oxidized Low-Density Lipoprotein.

Reporter: Aviva Lev-Ari, PhD, RN
Circulation. 2000 Mar 21;101(11):1229-33.

Heat shock protein 47 is expressed in fibrous regions of human atheroma and Is regulated by growth factors and oxidized low-density lipoprotein.

Rocnik E1, Chow LH, Pickering JG.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Heat shock protein 47 (Hsp47) is a stress protein that may act as a chaperone for procollagen. Its involvement in atherosclerosis is unknown.

METHODS AND RESULTS:

Hsp47 expression in human coronary arteries was assessed by immunostaining. Strong focal expression was evident in atherosclerotic, but not normal, arteries and was prevalent in the collagenous regions. Double immunostaining revealed that all cells expressing type I procollagen also expressed Hsp47. Moreover, parallel regulation of proalpha1(I)collagen and Hsp47 mRNA expression occurred with cultured human smooth muscle cells stimulated with transforming growth factor-beta1 or fibroblast growth factor-2. However, a proportion of Hsp47-expressing cells in plaque did not express type I procollagen, and this pattern could be reproduced in culture. Heat shock and oxidized LDL stimulated the expression of Hsp47 mRNA by smooth muscle cells, without a concomitant rise in proalpha1(I)collagen expression.

CONCLUSIONS:

These findings identify Hsp47 as a novel constituent of human coronary atheroma. Its localization to the fibrous cap, regulation by growth factors in parallel with type I procollagen, and selective upregulation by stress raise the possibility that Hsp47 is a determinant of plaque stability.

PMID:
10725279
[PubMed – indexed for MEDLINE]
SOURCE
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10725279 
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