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Archive for the ‘Evolution of Biology Through Culture’ Category


Finding the Actions That Alter Evolution

The biologist Marcus Feldman creates mathematical models that reveal how cultural traditions can affect the evolution of a species.

By Elizabeth Svoboda

January 5, 2017

In a commentary in Nature, you and your co-authors wrote, “We hold that organisms are constructed in development, not simply ‘programmed’ to develop by genes.” What does “constructed in development” mean?

It means there’s an interaction between the subject and the environment. The idea of a genetic blueprint is not tenable in light of all that is now known about how all sorts of environmental contingencies affect traits. For many animals it’s like that. Even plants — the same plant that is genetically identical, if you put it in this environment, it’s going to look totally different from if you put it in that environment.

We now have a better picture of the regulatory process on genes. Epigenetics changes the landscape in genetics because it’s not only the pure DNA sequence which influences what’s going on at the level of proteins and enzymes. There’s this whole other stuff, the other 95 percent of the genome, that acts like rheostats — you slide this thing up and down, you get more or less of this protein. It’s a critical thing in how much of this protein is going to be made. It’s interesting to think about the way in which cultural phenomena, which we used to think were things by themselves, can have this effect on how much messenger RNA is made, and therefore on many aspects of gene regulation.

Article to review and VIEW VIDEO

https://www.quantamagazine.org/20170105-marcus-feldman-interview-culture-and-evolution/

 

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The Extension of Biology Through Culture

Reporter: Aviva Lev-Ari, PhD, RN

 

Arnold and Mabel Beckman Center of the

National Academies of Sciences and Engineering

http://www.thebeckmancenter.org/

Distinctive Voices @ The Beckman Center

SOURCE

From: “Distinctive Voices @ The Beckman Center” <voicesatbeckman@nas.ccsend.com> on behalf of “Distinctive Voices @ The Beckman Center” <voicesatbeckman@nas.edu>

Reply-To: <voicesatbeckman@nas.edu>

Date: Wednesday, October 5, 2016 at 10:01 PM

To: Aviva Lev-Ari <AvivaLev-Ari@alum.berkeley.edu>

Subject: RSVP NOW for Science Lecture – October 12

beckman4f7f99de-f7fa-43eb-8b4d-8fb02183dbcd

November 16, 2016

Evolution of Biology Through Culture

Andrew Whiten

University of St. Andrews 

 

The Extension of Biology Through Culture

Organized by Marcus Feldman, Francisco J. Ayala, Andrew Whiten and Kevin Laland

 

November 16-17, 2016

 

 

Nov 15   6:30 PM         Speaker Welcome Dinner at hotel (informal – no program)

 

 

Wednesday, November 16

 

7:30 AM         Bus departs Hotel for Beckman Center

 

7:30 AM         Registration and Buffet Breakfast, Beckman Center Dining Room

 

Session I

 

8:30 AM         Welcome Remarks, Marcus Feldman, Stanford University

 

9:00 AM         Evolution and revolution in cetacean vocal culture: lessons from humpback whale song, Ellen Garland, University of St Andrews, UK

 

9:50 AM         Gene-culture coevolution in whales and dolphins, Hal Whitehead, Dalhousie University
Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada

 

10:40 AM         Break

 

11:00 AM         Cultural legacies: unpacking the inter-generational transmission of information in birds,
Lucy Aplin, University of Oxford, UK

 

11:50 AM         What evolves in the evolution of social learning? A social insect perspective, Elli
Leadbeater, Queen Mary University of London (QMUL)

 

12:40 PM         Buffet Lunch, Beckman Center Dining Room

 

Session II

 

1:50 PM         Can culture re-shape the evolution of learning and how?, Arnon Lotem, Tel Aviv
University

 

2:40 PM         What long term field studies reveal of primate traditions, Susan Perry, University of
California, Los Angeles

 

3:30 PM         Break (set up posters)

 

4:00 PM         Can we identify a primate signature in social learning? Dorothy Fragaszy, University of
Georgia

 

4:50 PM         The evolution of primate intelligence, Kevin Laland, University of St Andrews, UK

 

5:40 PM         Poster Session and Buffet Dinner (Sackler registrants)

 

7:00 PM         Distinctive Voices Public Lecture

                       How animal cultures extend the scope of biology: Tradition and learning from apes to whales to bees, Andrew Whiten, University of St Andrews, UK

 

8:00 PM         Dessert and Coffee with combined audience

 

8:45 PM         Bus departs Beckman Center for Hotel

 

 

Thursday, November 17

 

7:00 AM         Bus departs Fairmont Newport Beach Hotel for Beckman Center

 

7:00 AM         Buffet Breakfast, Beckman Center Dining Room

 

Session III

 

8:00 AM        The role of cultural innovations, learning processes, and ecological dynamics in
shaping Middle Stone Age cultural adaptations
, Francesco d’Errico, University of                                     Bordeaux, France

 

8:50 AM         The ontogenetic foundations of cumulative cultural transmission, Cristine Legare,                        University of Texas, Austin

 

9:40 AM         Break

 

10:00 AM         “I don’t know”: ignorance and question-asking as engines for cognitive development,
Paul Harris, Harvard University

 

10:50 AM         Childhood as simulated annealing: How wide hypothesis exploration in an extended
childhood contributes to cultural learning
, Alison Gopnik, University of California,                                     Berkeley

 

11:40 AM         Buffet Lunch, Beckman Center Dining Room

 

Session IV

 

12:50 PM         How language shapes the nature of cultural inheritance, Susan Gelman, University of Michigan

 

1:40 PM         Big data and prospects for an evolutionary science of human history, Russel Gray, Max
Planck Institute for the Science of Human History in Jena, Germany

 

2:30 PM         Break

 

2:50 PM         Cultural Evolutionary Psychology, Cecilia Heyes, University of Oxford, UK

 

3:40 PM         Ongoing prospects for a unified science of cultural evolution, Alex Mesoudi, University of Exeter, UK

 

4:30 PM        Concluding Remarks, Francisco J. Ayala, University of California, Irvine

 

4:45 PM        Bus departs Beckman Center for Orange County Airport and Hotel

SOURCE

From: Marcus W Feldman <mfeldman@stanford.edu>

Date: Thursday, October 6, 2016 at 12:16 PM

To: Aviva Lev-Ari <AvivaLev-Ari@alum.berkeley.edu>

Subject: Fwd: Sackler program for Irvine:11/16-17

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